While periodontal disease, heart disease, and stroke can sound like odd bedfellows, researchers have discovered that people with gum disease are nearly twice as likely to have coronary heart disease. Oral infection has also been linked to a higher risk of stroke, according to reports. People who had acute cerebrovascular ischemia were more likely to have periodontal disease.Find additional information at Advanced Heart And Vascular Of Central New Jersey.
Periodontal disease is a chronic infection of the gingival tissue covering the teeth caused by bacterial colonisation. Plaque bacteria colonise above and below the gumline, causing the gum tissue to draw away from the teeth. Deep pockets develop between the gums and the teeth if periodontal disease is not treated, and the tissue of the underlying jawbone is also lost. Teeth move, wobble, or fully detach from the bone due to bone tissue damage.
The aggregation of fatty proteins causes the walls of the coronary arteries to thicken over time, resulting in coronary heart disease. As a result of the lack of oxygen, the heart has to work even harder to pump blood to the rest of the body. Blood clots may form in people with coronary heart disease, obstructing normal blood flow and reducing the amount of essential nutrients and oxygen the heart requires to function properly. This is a common cause of heart attacks.
The Reasons for the Connection
Periodontal disease may worsen chronic heart problems, there is no question about that. In order to help people who have both disorders, a periodontist and a cardiologist usually work together.
The following are some of the hypotheses that may explain the connection between heart disease, stroke, and periodontal disease:
Oral bacteria have an effect on the heart – Periodontal bacteria come in a variety of strains. According to researchers, some of these bacteria strains penetrate the bloodstream and bind to fatty plaques in the heart blood vessels (coronary arteries). This attachment then leads to the development of clots, putting the person in grave danger.
Inflammation – Periodontal disease causes extreme inflammation in the gum tissue, which raises the white blood cell count and C-reactive protein levels. C-reactive protein levels above a certain threshold have been related to heart disease in studies.
Infectious sensitivity – People who have a lot of oral bacteria in their mouths may have a weak immune system and a poor host inflammatory response. These factors can cause unique vascular effects that have been related to the development of some types of heart disease.